Root canal treatment is a treatment procedure that has been performed due to any infection of living tissue located inside the tooth for various reasons. Within the frame of this procedure, these infections are removed and the structures that are named canals located in dental root are disinfected; then the remaining gaps of living tissues are filled with appropriate filling material. Root canal treatment is a procedure to keep the tooth in mouth as long as possible.
Dental pulp (pulpa) is irreversibly infected due to large scaled decays, tooth fractures in which most of the tooth is lost or strong traumas on the teeth; and the only way to keep the tooth in mouth is to cleanse the infected living tissue. Starting the root canal treatment early is essential to rescue the teeth. When an aching tooth is neglected for a long period of time, the infection will spread to surrounding tissues and the tooth can be lost.
The duration of root canal treatment may vary due to different factors such as, the location of the tooth to be applied, if it is located on the back or front, the state of infection, the mouth opening of the patient. Number of appointments has a tendency to increase in cases of advanced infections. Approximately 2 or 3 sessions may be required for a tooth.
Root canal treatment is carried out by anaesthetizing the tooth, so it is not a procedure to cause any pain. However, there may be anaesthetizing problems in some cases with advanced infections. Under these circumstances, anaesthetizing can be provided by subsidiary local anesthesia techniques.
Since the dental nerves are removed, there will not be any pain posterior to root canal treatment. In some cases, sensitiveness may occur, this can be shortly restrained via painkillers.
The success rate of root canal treatment is considerably high. When all procedures are applied, the success rate reaches up to 95 % and more. Many teeth which are treated via this procedure can be used through long ages.